Blog Detail

"Prosper With Peace"

 

Page Title

New Tax Regime or Old Tax Regime

  June 5,2020

Time to Choose Your Pick: New Tax Regime or Old Tax Regime?

It is again the time of the year when you have to submit your investment details to your employer. This year, you will have to choose between the old tax regime or the new tax structure. Whatever tax structure you adopt, it will be effective for the entire financial year.

Here’s how the old and new tax regime compare against each other:

Tax Slab(in Rs.)

Tax rate under the old regime

Tax rate under the new tax regime

0-Rs.2.5 lakhs

0%

0%

Rs.2.5 lakhs to Rs.5 lakhs

5%

5%

Rs.5 lakhs to Rs.7.5 lakhs

20%

10%

Rs.7.5 lakhs to Rs.10 lakhs

20%

15%

Rs.10 lakhs to Rs.12.50 lakhs

30%

20%

Rs.12.50 lakhs to Rs.15 lakhs

30%

25%

Rs.15 lakhs and above

30%

30%

 

Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharamanin her budget speech of 2020 announced a new tax regime with more tax slabs and lower tax rates on income up to Rs.15 lakhs. However, tax payers can’t avail tax benefits such as the standard deduction of Rs.50,000, deductions under section 80C and 80D, concessions on the interest paid on home loan or rent under the new tax regime. 

Advantages of the new tax regime:

Reduced tax rates and easy tax filing: When compared to the old tax system, the tax rate on the new tax regime is lower. Moreover, as exemptions are not available in this system, tax filing will be easier.

More money in hands:With the reduced tax rate, individuals can have more disposable income in their hands.

Invest in investment options in their choice: Most of the tax saving instruments have lock-in period. Many tax payers may not be comfortable in investing in these investment options due to the lock-in period or other reasons. With the new tax structure, individuals can invest in investment options of their choice.

Drawbacks of the new tax regime:

Under the new tax structure, individuals can’t avail any tax deductions under various sections. Some of the popular tax saving avenues such as investments available under section 80C and 80D, house rent, interest on home loan, leave travel concession etc. can’t be availed. The Ministry of Finance has removed around 70 exemptions out of the 120 exemptions.

Whether to choose the old tax regime or new tax regime

If you are looking for a simple answer to this question, then we hate to share the fact that there is one line answer to that question. You can arrive the right tax structure after calculating how much tax you are able to saving through both the tax structures.

To figure out the best tax structure, calculate the exemptions that you are availing and the deductions that you claim. Rent on house, travel leave allowance, food bills and phone bills might be some of the exemptions that you are currently availing. If you are salaried employee, you automatically get a tax exemption of Rs.50,000 and EPF contribution. Also, calculate the deductions that you claim against your home loan, education loan and other investments.

Now, calculate the taxable income by adding the exemptions and deductions and subtracting it from your salary. This can help you to figure out the favourable tax regime.

Let us understand it with the help of two examples. Let us consider two tax payers with an annual income of Rs.7.5 lakhs and annual income of up to Rs.10 lakhs respectively. For ease, we take that the individuals have invested  the maximum amount under various heads.

Annual income of Rs.7.5 lakhs

Let us first calculate the tax payable without any exemptions and compare the old tax and new structure. 

 

Old Tax structure

 

New Tax structure

 

Income tax slab

Tax Rate

Tax(in Rs.)

Tax Rate

Tax(in Rs.)

Up to Rs.2.5 lakhs

0

0

0

0

Up to Rs.5 lakhs

5%

12500

5%

12500

Up to Rs.7.5 lakhs

20%

50000

10%

25000

Total

 

62500

 

37500

Health and education cess

4%

2500

4%

1500

Tax payable

 

65000

 

39000

 

We see that new tax structure is favourable without any tax exemptions.

Now, let us assume that the tax payer uses different benefits.

Annual Income with Tax Exemptions

Annual Income

7,50,000

Exemptions under 80C

1,50,000

80CCD(1B)

50000

80D

50000

HRA

10000

Taxable income 

490000

 

In this case, as the taxable income is below Rs.5 lakhs, the person does not have to pay any tax. So, we see that when the individual uses the different tax saving options, the tax payer does not have to pay any tax.

Annual income of Rs.10 lakhs

 

Old Tax structure

 

New Tax structure

 

Income tax slab

Tax Rate

Tax(in Rs.)

Tax Rate

Tax(in Rs.)

Up to Rs.2.5 lakhs

0

0

0

0

Up to Rs.5 lakhs

5%

12500

5%

12500

Up to Rs.7.5 lakhs

20%

50000

10%

25000

Up to Rs.10 lakhs

20%

50000

15%

37500

Total

 

112500

 

75000

Health and education cess

4%

4500

4%

3000

Tax payable

 

117000

 

78000

 

Here we see that new tax regime results in lesser taxes.

Let us see the impact on taxable income if we consider deductions.

Taxable Income  with Tax Exemptions

Annual Income

10,00,000

Exemptions under 80C

1,50,000

80CCD(1B)

50000

80D

50000

HRA

10000

Taxable income 

740000

 

In this case, the taxable income falls below Rs.7.5 lakhs.

Now, let us compare the old tax structure with exemptions and the new tax structure.

 

 

Old Tax structure

New Tax structure

Income tax slab

Tax Rate

Tax(in Rs.)

Tax Rate

Tax(in Rs.)

Up to Rs.2.5 lakhs

0

0

0

0

Up to Rs.5 lakhs

5%

12500

5%

12500

Up to Rs.7.5 lakhs

20%

50000

10%

25000

Up to Rs.10 lakhs

 

0

15%

37500

Total

 

62500

 

75000

Health and education cess

4%

2500

4%

3000

Tax payable

 

65000

 

78000

 

We see that the tax payer has to pay less tax if the old tax structure with exemptions is opted.

Conclusion:While many investment options offer tax benefits, tax planning should be the main focus while taking any investment decisions. Finding out the best tax regime will depend on various factors such as tax slab, deductions and exemptions availed and investment options. So, talk to your CA or financial advisor to figure out the best tax regime. 

Tags :